Disabilities in Learning and Related Questions
1. Educational expenditure on children with disabilities tends to be higher in comparison to expenses incurred in offering education to normal children. This may at times look like a disadvantage and a discouraging factor to the people that may invest in such children, because at times the disabled children make little gains in their social and educational life. A large number of people tend to think that disability is an impenetrable barrier that prevents educational and life success. However, disabilities can be overcome, as evidenced by various successful people in our society, and thus giving society a better reason to invest in the education of children with disability. For example in the field of science there are various famous inventors that were successful in society, these included Alexander Graham Bell (invented the telephone), Thomas Alva Edison (invented the record player), Albert Einstein (Physicist), Henry Ford (invented the motor car), Doctor Temple Grandin (agricultural professor), Stephen Hawking (astronomical physicist), Isaac Newton (Scientist), and Leonardo Da Vinci (inventor and artist).
Additionally, beyond the science field there are various famous people that have been successful in various fields such as computer programming (Bruce Perens), Music (Elton John), the film industry (Tom Cruise), authors (Charles Dickens), politicians (Winston Churchill), and in sports (Paula Radcliffe) (Red Disability.org, 2009). The list is actually endless and it includes some that are even unknown to us because they were least famous. Apart from this as evidence and reason as to why we should invest in the education of children with disability, there is a possibility of children with disability to learn equally well compared to normal children. For example children with physical disabilities such as those lacking legs, hands, and those lacking auditory capacity can still learn as well as children with disabilities and contribute equally to economy and development. Conclusively, there is no sound reason as to why we should not invest in children with disabilities, otherwise we would lack all the contributions made by the above mentioned people in society (Loprest & Aron, 2007).
2. A communication disorder is a problem involving language or speech and these problems hamper effective ability to express one self or comprehend other people. These may include the inability to use or understand a language or a problem with sound substitution. On the other hand, a learning disability is group of disorders which make it difficult to learn in a normal way, these disorders usually affect how the brain processes information in the learning process (Loprest & Aron, 2007).
3. In order for education to take place effectively there should be effective communication between the teacher and the child, lack of which causes a communication break down and hampered delivery, because neither the child nor the teacher can understand each other.
4. There are various characteristics that can be used to identify learning disabilities and these include, the inability to connect similar concepts in learning, difficulties in sorting or making comparisons, a perceptual lack of sense in time, the inability to hear and comprehend what is said especially, when asked questions, slow response, requirement of great clarification on concepts and the inability to physically move-just to mention but a few (Red Disability.org, 2009).
5. People with learning disabilities do not necessarily have low Intelligence Quotient especially; if they are not mentally retarded (Solve your problem.com, 2010). This has been proved by the number of people that have learning disabilities but have been able to perform scientific discoveries that characterize intelligence of a higher order despite their disabilities such as Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Alexander Graham Bell-just to mention but a few. Despite these examples, there has been no scientific discovery that has been able to prove otherwise (Red Disability.org, 2009).
Loprest, P. and Aron, Y. L. (2007),.Meeting the needs of children with disabilities, The Urban Institute
Red Disability.org (2009),. Famous people with disabilities, retrieved on 5th January 2011 from http://www.reddisability.org.uk/famous-modem/DisFamous.htm
January 2011 from http://www.solveyourproblem.com/learning-disabilities/iq-test-diagnose-learning-disability.shtml
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