Coursework AS and A-

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Introduction

A disability minimizes the capability of carrying out some given activities such as reading, seeing or walking. On the other hand, a handicap is a disadvantage associated with disability due to various environmental interactions. The various types of disabilities and conditions under which they might turn to handicap will be examined in this assignment.


Discussion

One of the most common types of disabilities is visual impairment, which includes blindness as well as partial sight. Visually impaired are not considered handicap in a learning environment where there is Braille. A situation where visual impairment can become a handicap is when the problem is so much severe that it affects the educational performance of a student (Coots and Stout, 2007).


The other type of disability is deafness, which becomes a handicap in situations where it reduces the number of opportunities presented to a person. A good example is employment opportunities whereby deafness becomes a limiting factor for employment opportunities. This disability is not a handicap in situations where the deaf can perform their normal duties (Coots, 2007).


Lameness is the other disability which is not regarded handicap when a person can move on his own for instance using a wheelchair. The situation however becomes handicap when a person fails to move around on his own hence, requiring the assistance of other people around him (Coots, 2007).


Color blindness is the other disability that is not regarded handicap if one resides in a culture where color-vision is not necessary during normal activities. This disability however becomes handicap if that person resides in a society where color vision is fundamental in the undertaking of day-to-day activities (Coots, 2007).


The final type of disability is learning disability which is not considered handicap if a person is able to perform household chores and many other roles. It however becomes a handicap in an environment where such individual can not work in technological setting due to inability to perform simple calculations (Coots, 2007).


Reference

Coots, J. J., & Stout, K. (Eds.). (2007). Critical reflections about students with special needs. Stories from the classroom. Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon. Chapters 1 and 2.


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