Revolution in Egypt


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The initial revolution in Egypt occurred in the year 1919 while the second revolution occurred in 1952. The key aim of the revolution was to achieve transformation in different sectors such as the political, agricultural and the economic sectors. Eventually, there was the abolishing of a monarchial type of constitution and the adoption of a republican constitution. The period before revolution was characterized by a deep-rooted tradition of corruption that was associated with mischief, bribery and political instability. Egyptians hoped to achieve freedom in all sectors through undergoing a major revolution.


Gamel Abdel Nasser was the key power behind a military coup that led to revolution in Egypt on the 23rd of July 1952. The military coup was led by a movement that was known as the free officers movement group. The main target of the movement was communication posts belonging to the internal ministry and the army, control and command (Robinson and El-Zanaty, 2007). Moreover, the members of the movement penetrated various police stations and surrounded various influential personnel of the monarchial government. Finally, news about the revolution was announced to the entire Egyptian population through broadcast stations. This was followed by a revolution that was characterized by overthrowing of a monarchial government and adopting a republican form of government (Watterson, 2002).

The Egyptian revolution is of great significance since it led to abandonment of a corrupt and dictatorial monarchial government. This was replaced by a form of government that was beneficial to the Egyptian population. Moreover, the revolution is important since it was a symbol of freedom and liberation to the Egyptian population that had for many years been ruled by traitors, dictators and corrupt leaders (Moustafa, 2007). An Egyptian army that would operate following the interest of people and according to the national constitution was achieved as a result of the revolution. It is therefore worth noting that the revolution marked the start of the current modern form of governance in Egypt (Podeh and Winckler, 2004).

The driving force of revolution in any part of the world is the need for transformation or change. This change is often associated with freedom and liberation from an oppressive form of government, economic or political instability. The aftermath of a revolution is most of the time associated with attainment of stability and a democratic form of rule. This is also the case with Egypt that had experienced so many years of corruption and instability in various sectors. Hence, despite the part of the world that revolution emerges, the key reason is the need for freedom.


In conclusion, the Egypt revolution led to liberation from an oppressive, dictatorial and inappropriate form of leadership. This paved way to a form of leadership characterized by democracy and freedom. The revolution occurred at a time when Egypt had gone through a long period of bribery, corruption and political instability. Hence, the event occurred when it was needed most. Therefore, the driving force behind revolution in any part of the world is the need for liberation and freedom.


Ibrahim, F. N., & Ibrahim, B. (2003). Egypt. An economic geography. I. B. Tauris

Moustafa, T. (2007). The struggle for constitutional power. Politics, law and economic development in Egypt. Cambridge University Press

Podeh, E., & Winckler, O. (2004). Rethinking Nasserism. Revolution and historical memory in modern Egypt. University Press of Florida

Robinson, W. C., & El-Zanaty, F. H. (2007). The demographic revolution in modern Egypt. Lexington Books

Watterson, B. (2002). Amarna. Ancient Egypts revolution age. Tempus


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